The Red Scarf
The Red Scarf
Theatrical poster to The Red Scarf
Director Shin Sang-ok[1]
Producer Sin Tae-seon
Planner Hwang Nam
Screenplay Kim Kang-Yun
Based on Han Wun-Sa
Assistant director Lim Won-sik
Choe Mun-il
Art director Song Back-kyu
Music Hwang Mun-pyeong
Cinematographer Kim Jong-rae
Jeong Hae-jun
Editor Yang Seong-ran
Lighting Lee Gyu-chang
Sound recording Sohn In-ho
Lee Sang-man
Production studio Shin Films Co., Ltd
Released 1964
Running time 100 min.
Budget approx. KRW 12,000,000[2]
Debut theatre Myeongbo
Attendance 150,000
IMDb profile
KMDb profile

The Red Scarf or Operation Air Raid: Red Muffler (빨간 마후라 - Ppalgan mahura) is a 1964 film directed by Shin Sang-ok.[1] After winning top prizes in Directing, Acting and Editing at the Asia-Pacific Film Festival in Taipei, it became the first South Korean film to be released nationally in Japan.[3]


During the Korean war, a group of pilots make daily raids on Pyeongyang despite heavy losses. The woman in love with one of the pilots falls for the pilot who informs her of her previous lover's death.[1]

Critical AppraisalEdit

Reviewing the film as Operation Air Raid: Red Muffler in its 1966 release in Tokyo, Variety praised The Red Scarf for its technical qualities, commenting, "This expertly-filmed motion picture has a finish and gloss to it that one associates mainly with American product. The color is excellent and wide-screen is intelligently used." Though the romantic-triangle plot was said to be "familiar", and the review noticed a similarity to the U.S. The Bridges at Toko-Ri (1954), it was nevertheless praised for its sincerity, which overcame these problems. The film's final scene, in which a strategic North Korean bridge is destroyed, was said to be so realistic it could have been genuine war footage.[3]


Awards and NominationsEdit



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 "빨간 마후라" (in Korean). Korean Movie Database. Retrieved 2011-07-06.
  2. Red Scarf (1964) at the Internet Movie Database
  3. 3.0 3.1 Nald. (1966-04-13). "Operation Air Raid: Red Muffler" in Variety.
  4. "Awards for Red Scarf (1964)" at IMDb.